Public Summary of HCVF Management by Bornion Timber Sdn. Bhd. / FMU 11

 - Natural Forest –

 

  1. Background and Overview

Bornion Timber Sdn. Bhd. has been entrusted by the State Government to manage the Licensed Area (FMU NO. 11), comprising a total area of 99, 158. 27 ha. The License Area has been subdivided into two parts or sub-management units for forest plantation development and natural forest management respectively.

 

The company management has determined to have its FMU certified under the Malaysian Criteria and Indicators (MC&I) Natural Forest. Operated by the Malaysian Timber Certification Scheme (MTCS). The total area certified under this scheme are 40,645.50 ha. According to the MC&I for natural forest and forest plantation, the company is required to make available a public summary of its management prescriptions for areas containing High Conservation Values (HCV). These include standards under MC&I Principle 9 which require to identified, maintain or enhance HCV areas within the Licensed Area. MC&I Criterion 9.3 require these measures to be specifically included in the summary of a public available management plan.

 

For general overview, the figure on the following page shows the identified conservation and protection areas at compartment level under natural forest management regime, together with the relevant HCV category.

 

Additional areas at micro-scale would be identified during the process of Comprehensive Harvest Planning (CHP).


Figure: High Conservation Value in FMU 11 – Natural Forest Management

 

 

2. HCV Area Summary

 

The following Table summarizes the identifies areas included in the six HCV categories as described on the High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF) Toolkit for Malaysia (2009) and were updated as in the new High Conservation Value (HCV) Toolkit (2018).

 

HCV Category

Description

HCV 1: Species Diversity

Protected Areas

  • Millian – Labau VJR (Part A) – Cpt. 117 (117.0 ha)

Rare Threatened and Endangered species

  • Belian Trees – Cpt. 124
  • Rafflesia – Cpt. 210

Spatial and Temporal Concentration of species

  • Pond area for feeding and nesting- Cpt. 124
  • Saltlick area- Cpt. 43, 120 and 130

HCV 2: Landscape-level Ecosystems and Mosaics

Proximity Linkage

The Licensed Area is linked with:

1. Class I: Sg. Tongod Forest Reserve

HCV 3: Ecosystems and Habitats

Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp Forest

Cpt. 96, 117, 119 and 124 (portion)

Lower Montane / Sub-montane Forest

Cpt. 37, 38, 210 (portion), 215, 221, 222, and 224

HCV 4: Ecosystem Services

Watershed Protection

Cpt. 35, 37, 38, 71, 214, 216, 219, 221, 222 and 223

Erosion Control

Riparian reserve area: Sg. Pingas and Sg. Melikop (30 m buffer)

Areas with slopes > 25˚ (Steep areas): Cpt. 35, 37, 38, 71, 214, 216, 219, 221, 222 and 223.

HCV 5: Community Needs

Water

Cpt. 94, 95, 96, 192, 193, 195, 211, 222, 223 and 225

HCV 6: Cultural Values

Old Graveyards

Cpt. 32 and 33

 

Additional HCV areas may be added upon identification during research and operational activities. The HCV area summary will be updated an annual interval.

 

 

3. Management Prescription for HCV Areas

The management prescriptions for areas with the identified High Conservation Value within the Licensed Area of Bornion Timber Sdn. Bhd. are summarized in the table below:

HCV

Attribute

Management prescription

1

Species Diversity

Protected Areas

  • Mark the boundary of the area.
  • Undertake ground patrolling to ensure integrity.

Rare, Threatened and Endangered species

  • Set up transect in selected areas to monitor any changes in species composition and abundance.
  • Carry out awareness campaigns and ground patrolling to prevent illegal hunting.

Spatial and Temporal Concentration of species

  • Establish buffer zone.
  • Ground patrolling to prevent illegal hunting.

2

Landscape-level Ecosystem and Mosaics

Proximity Linkage

  • Establish wildlife corridors to provide linkages of protected areas, where feasible and practical.
  • Undertake ground patrolling or aerial survey to prevent illegal hunting.

3

Ecosystems and Habitats

Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp Forest

 

  • Mark the boundary of the area which is accessible.
  • Ground patrolling.
  • Carry out aerial survey in inaccessible areas.
  • Erection of HCV signboard at strategic access points.

Lower Montane / Sub-montane Forest

4

Ecosystem Services

Watershed protection

  • Tree marking along buffer boundary at intervals of 20 m.
  • Erection of HCV signboards at strategic access points.
  • Carry out ground patrolling to ensure integrity in accessible area.
  • Carry out aerial survey in inaccessible areas.

 

HCV

Attribute

Management prescription

Erosion control

  • Establish buffer zones to both sides of riparian reserves.
  • Erection of signboards demarcating buffer zone boundaries at strategic locations.
  • Ground patrolling to ensure no encroachment takes place.
  • Carry out aerial survey in inaccessible areas.
  • Tree marking along boundary of steep areas at intervals of 10 – 15 m.
  • Erection of signboards to mark steep areas.
  • Ground patrolling during timber harvesting operations.

5

Community Needs

Water

  • Protect watershed areas through clear demarcation.
  • Ground patrolling of water catchment   boundaries.
  • Carry out aerial survey in inaccessible areas.

6

Cultural Values

Old Graveyards

  • Buffer zone establishment: 10 m around marked graveyard boundary.
  • Tree marking along graveyard boundary at intervals of 10 m.
  • Ground patrolling to ensure there is no disturbance.

These HCV management prescriptions shall be reviewed at annual intervals to include any new HCV categories, areas and management requirements that support and ensure the protection of these important sites. Updates of this public summary will be regularly published on the company website.

4. Enhancement Measures for HCVF Areas

The following table describes the measures to be undertaken to enhance the integrity, quality and functionality of areas containing High Conservation Value that have been or might be affected to some degree of disturbance or degradation.

ITEM

DESCRIPTION

Enhancement Measures

1

Re-brushing of unclear boundaries and maintenance of HCV signboards for HCVF areas.

2

Restoration of HCVF areas by planting fruit or indigenous species according to original forest type (where applicable).

3

Ensure integrity (i.e. no disturbance) through intensification of regular patrolling and reporting activities.

4

Carry out species sampling (flora, fauna) to determine species composition and verify representative (as part of R&D and forest monitoring).

5

Enhance forest ecosystems where they have been disturbed/degraded or otherwise affected negatively through replanting the species typically occurring in the affected ecosystem/forest type.

6

Provide buffers around representative forest ecosystem areas not to be disturbed.

7

Erect signage and provide fencing for graveyard areas (if agreed by local communities), and others areas with high disturbance risk.

8

Conduct HCVF training and SMART monitoring by collaboration with WWF.

9

Conduct HCV awareness programme for staff and local communities.

10

Conduct road blocks and enforcement measures in cooperation with Sabah Wildlife Department.

11

Prevent vehicle entry into inactive forest areas by erecting physical barriers.

12

Aerial survey to monitor any inaccessible area.

13

Set up camera trapping to determine fauna species that present at HCVs area.


5. Annual Monitoring to Assess the Effectiveness of the Measures in the Management of the High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF)

The following tables assess the effectiveness of the measures in the management of HCVF through annual monitoring and future improvement to enhance the effectiveness of the measures.

HCV Category

Conservation/Protection Measure

Effectiveness of the Measures

Future Improvement

HCV 1: Species Diversity

Protected Areas

      • Mark the boundary of the area.
      • Ground patrolling.
  • Effective but need to improve.
  • Boundary of the area was marked.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area.

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species

  • Set up transect to monitor any changes.
  • Ground patrolling.
  • Tree marking (if any).
  • Effective.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • Wildlife sightings are stable or increase over time.
  • None

Spatial and Temporal Concentration of Species

  • Establish buffer zone.
  • Ground patrolling to prevent illegal hunting.
  • Birds survey by misnetting.
  • Faunal survey by camera trapping.
  • Effective.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • Wildlife sightings are stable or increase over time.
  • None.

HCV 2: Landscape-level Ecosystem and Mosaics

Proximity Linkage

  • Establish buffer zone.
  • Ground patrolling.
  • Effective but need to improve.
  • Buffer zone was established where practical for wildlife movements.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area.

 

HCV Category

Conservation/Protection Measure

Effectiveness of the Measures

Future Improvement

HCV 3: Ecosystems and Habitats

Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp Forest

  • Mark the boundary of the area.
  • Ground patrolling.
  • Erection of HCV signboard at strategic access points.
  • Effective but need to improve.
  • HCV signboard was erected.
  • Joint operation with Sabah Forestry Department / Sabah Wildlife Department.
  • Increase frequency of patrolling.
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area

Lower Montane/Sub-montane Forest

HCV 4: Ecosystem Services

Watershed Protection

  • Tree marking along boundary.
  • Erection of HCV signboard at strategic access points.
  • Ground patrolling.
  • Effective but need to improve.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • HCV signboard was erected.
  • Analysis of water quality.
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area.

Erosion Control

  • Established of 30 m riparian reserve.
  • Tree marking along boundary of steep areas.
  • Erection of signboards at strategic locations.
  • Ground patrolling to ensure there is no encroachment.
  • Effective.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • All accessible riparian reserve and steep areas were established, marked and erected with signboard.
  • Water quality according to NWQSM standards within permitted range
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area.

 

HCV Category

Conservation/Protection Measure

Effectiveness of the Measures

Future Improvement

HCV 5: Community Needs

Water

  • Protect watershed areas.
  • Ground patrolling.

 

  • Effective but need to improve.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • Water quality according to NWQSM standards within permitted range
  • Analysis of water quality.
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area.

HCV 6: Cultural Values

Old Graveyards

  • Buffer zone establishment: 10 m around marked boundary.
  • Tree marking along boundary at intervals of 10 m.
  • Ground patrolling.
  • Effective but need to improve.
  • No physical disturbance reported.
  • No complaints received from local communities.
  • Aerial monitoring to monitor any inaccessible area.

 

6. Available of Results from Monitoring Activities in Areas with High Conservation Value

The results from monitoring activities in HCV areas in year 2018 are as follow:

HCV Category

Results of Monitoring

HCV 1: Species Diversity  

Protected Areas

  • The protected areas are still in good condition and no physical disturbance had been reported.
  • The area boundary was marked and a signboard for HCV 1.1 was erected on site.
  • Ground patrolling had been conducted regularly.

 

Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

  • Ground patrolling on HCV 1.2 area has been done regularly.
  • There is no physical disturbance.
  • Growth rate of buds and the diameter of blooming rafflesia sp. were taken annually. In 2018, 42 buds of rafflesia sp. were recorded. 12 individuals bloomed and rotten, however 21 Buds of the rafflesia sp. not survive.

 

Spatial and Temporal Concentration of Species

  • There are four (4) sites of Spatial and Temporal Concentration of species which were monitor annually which is freshwater pond at Cpt. 124 & Saltlicks area at Cpt. 43, 120 and 130.
  • These are the result of monitoring of Freshwater pond at Cpt. 124. In 2016, only several of birds and reptiles was observed by direct sighting and camera trapping was not yet intensified during the year. In 2018, there’s only two species of birds observed and sun bear were identified present in the HCV area.

 

No.

Common Name

2016

2017

2018

1

Oriental darter

0

1

1

2

Muntjac sp.

0

1

1

3

Common Porcupine

0

0

0

4

Great Argus

0

0

0

5

Borneon Red Muntjac

0

0

0

6

Greater Mouse-Deer

0

0

0

7

Pig-Tailed Macaque

0

1

0

8

Bearded Pig

0

1

0

9

Rhinoceros Hornbill

0

0

0

10

Bushy-crested Hornbill

0

0

0

11

Sun Bear

0

0

1

12

Raffles's Malkoha

0

0

0

13

Mouse Deer

0

1

0

 

HCV Category

Results of Monitoring

Spatial and Temporal Concentration of Species

  • The data of Saltlick area monitoring at Cpt. 43 are as in table below. There are vary in data of wildlife recorded as in 2017 and 2018 are lower than 2016 due to some fallen trees in the saltlick area in 2017. In 2018, the data collected were only through ground monitoring which is Sambar Deer and Rajah Brooke’s Birdwing due to camera trap faulty.

 

No.

Common Name

2016

2017

2018

1

Sambar Deer

1

1

1

2

Rajah Brooke's Birdwing

1

0

1

3

Bearded Pig

1

0

0

4

Borneon Red Muntjac

1

0

0

5

Common Porcupine

1

0

0

6

Greater Mouse-deer

1

0

0

7

Grey Leaf Monkey

1

0

0

8

Long-tailed Porcupine

1

0

0

9

Malay Civet

1

0

0

10

Pig-tailed Macaque

1

0

0

11

Pangolin

0

1

0

12

Emerald Dove

1

0

0

 

  • The data of saltlick monitoring in Cpt. 120 are as follow. There are decreasing in number of species observed in 2018 however, some new species such as Hornbill sp. and Borneon Yellow Muntjac were recorded to present in the HCV area.

 

No.

Common Name

2016

2017

2018

1

Long-tailed porcupine

1

1

1

2

Pig-tailed macaque

1

1

1

3

Common Porcupine

1

1

1

4

Bearded Pig

1

0

0

5

Borneon Red Muntjac

1

1

0

6

Thick-spined Porcupine

1

0

0

7

Long-tailed Porcupine

1

1

0

8

Banded Palm Civet

1

0

0

9

Collared Mongoose

1

0

0

10

Greater Mouse-deer

1

1

0

11

Short-tailed mongoose

0

1

0

12

Malay Civet

0

1

0

13

Great Argus

1

1

0

14

White-crowned forktail

0

1

0

15

Crested Patridge

0

1

0

16

Borneon Yellow Muntjac

0

0

1

17

Hornbill Sp.

0

0

1

18

Monitor Lizard

0

1

0

 

  • Data of saltlick monitoring at Cpt. 130 in 2016 till 2018 are as follow. There are no big differences in data collection since 2016 to 2018.

 

No.

Common Name

2016

2017

2018

1

Great Argus

0

0

1

2

Borneon Gibbon

0

0

1

3

Bearded Pig

1

1

1

4

Rhinoceros Hornbill

0

0

1

5

Wreathed Hornbill

0

0

1

6

Common Porcupine

1

0

0

7

Pig-tailed macaque

1

1

0

8

Sambar deer

1

0

0

9

Malay Civet

0

1

0

10

Borneon Red Muntjac

1

1

0

11

Thick-spined Porcupine

1

0

0

12

Long-tailed Porcupine

1

0

0

13

Banded Palm Civet

1

0

0

14

Greater Mouse-deer

1

0

0

15

Tufted Ground Squirrel

1

0

0

16

Banded Linsang

1

0

0

17

Hose's Mongoose

1

0

0

18

Oriental Small-clawed Otter

1

0

0

19

Red Leaf Monkey

0

1

0

20

Collared Mongoose

0

1

0

 

1 = Present; 0 = Absent

 

HCV 2: Landscape-level Ecosystem and Mosaics

Proximity Linkage

  • There was no physical disturbance observed.

 

HVC 3: Ecosystems and Habitats

Lowland Mixed Dipterocarp Forest

  • There was no physical disturbance reported.
  • The boundary of the area was marked.
  • HCV signboard was erected at strategic location.

 

Lower Montane / Sub-montane Forest

  • There was no physical disturbance reported.
  • The boundary of the area was marked for the area that can be accessed.

HCV 4: Services of Nature

HCV 4.1:

Watershed Protection

  • Boundary was marked and HCV signboard was erected.
  • Ground patrolling was carried out and no physical disturbance reported.

HCV 4.2:

Erosion Control

  • Ground patrolling were done regularly and found no disturbance.
  • Water quality according to NWQSM standards mostly within permitted range.

 


HCV 5: Community Needs

Water

  • Ground patrolling was carried out and no physical disturbance reported by local community.

 

HCV 6: Cultural Values

Old Graveyards

  • A buffer zone of 10 m was established around the old graveyard.
  • Ground patrolling was carried out and no physical disturbance was reported.
  • No complaints were received from local communities.

 

 

Compiled by: ANIS PINITA ANDREW

Doc. Ref. BT-NFFP-09-03

19th JUNE 2019